Dependable Immigration and Naturalization Services


The U.S. immigration system is complex, and immigration regulations and policies are constantly changing. The entire immigration process can be frustrating and time-consuming. Our personal and professional experience has given us the expertise to fully understand your immigration needs on a personal level. We serve as an immigration counsel to employers, businesses, and nonprofit organizations in employment-based immigration, corporate compliance issues, I-9 and E-Verify related matters. We represent private individuals in family and marriage-based immigration and naturalization matters. As immigration law is Federal Law, this enables us to successfully represent clients all over the United States before the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Service, Department of State, Department of Labor, and Board of Immigration Appeals in immigration cases.

We consider our clients’ goals to be our own, which helps us provide the highest level of service and commitment to them and cultivate long-term partnerships. Our emphasis is on personal attention, responsiveness, and accessibility, and we offer our clients continuous follow-up, ongoing status information, and frequent communication. We aim to serve our clients with professional and experienced advocacy, integrity, and diligence.

Everyone physically in the U.S. is either a citizen, a national, or an alien.

All citizens are alike: native-born and naturalized. Native-born citizens are either born on U.S. soil or abroad of one or two U.S. citizen parents. Naturalized citizens are people who were born aliens—immigrated to the U.S. and lived here for a prescribed number of years. They were then eligible for and chose U.S. citizenship and acquired it by passing through the naturalization process.

A national of the U.S. is a person born in one of the outlying possessions of the U.S., which now encompasses only American Samoa and Swains Island. Nationals are not citizens, but they can enter and leave the U.S. freely, probably work in the U.S. without further documentation, and their alien spouses can become permanent residents as second preference immigrants. The U.S. immigration and nationality code says they “owe permanent allegiance to the U.S.”

Aliens are legally or illegally present. Of those legally present, some are permanent residents, others are “nonimmigrants,” and others are refugees, asylees, persons involved in deportation proceedings or awaiting a decision on an application.

Permanent residents are aliens who have green cards. Their time in this status counts toward eligibility for naturalization. However, they do not have to be naturalized upon eligibility; they can remain permanent residents.

Though permanent residents can live in the U.S. permanently, they are not citizens. They continue to be citizens of their original countries, carrying the passport of that country. It follows that they cannot vote. If they live abroad for too long, they may lose the right to return to the U.S.

Nonimmigrants have a letter visa, which indicates their specific reason for admission to the U.S. They have temporary rights to remain in the US and usually have a specific time by which they must depart. The most common examples are “B” visitors, who are admitted for limited periods like three months or six months; “F” students, who are full-time students, usually at a university; “H” temporary workers, who are here on temporary work assignments; “J” exchange visitors; “L” intracompany transferees; and “E” traders and investors. The other letter visas are less common but illustrate the temporary nature and narrow, specific purpose of a nonimmigrant status: “A” diplomats, “I” media representatives, “D” crewmen, and so on.


To qualify to apply for naturalization as a U.S. citizen, these are the basic requirements for an ordinary case of a person who entered the U.S. as an alien, whose parents never were or are not U.S. citizens, and who has no history of service in the U.S. military:

Residence and Physical Presence

Continuous residence within the U.S. for the five years immediately preceding the date of filing for Naturalization. (Three [3] months within the INS District). (Three [3] years for spouses of U.S. citizens). Continuous residence in the U.S. from date of application to date of admission to citizenship.

Good Moral Character

A concept becoming unfortunately more complicated, it generally means no criminal convictions. Merely having a criminal history does not disqualify the potential citizen automatically, but the criminal history must be analyzed against the current scheme to determine if it is severe enough to prevent the alien from showing good
moral character.

Knowledge of History
and Government

There are some exceptions for some over 50, long-term permanent residents.

Ability to Read and Write in English

There are some exceptions for some over 50, long-term permanent residents.

Disposed to the Good Order and Happiness of the United States

Not a supporter of Communism or Totalitarianism. Willing to serve in the armed forces in wartime.